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Investment Glossary

Each year, new forms of investments appear on the market, often with new and, at times, complex features. Are you familiar enough with the main forms of investments available to make a sound investment choice?

This glossary presents an overview of the most common forms of investments based on three fundamental criteria: expected return, liquidity and risk.

Most investment funds and issuers that publicly sell securities are required to file an electronic version of their information documents, including annual reports, on SEDAR. You can consult these documents on-line, free of charge, at www.sedar.com.

Debt Securities

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Treasury bills

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Guaranteed investment certificates (GICs)

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Savings bonds

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Bonds and debentures

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Principal-protected notes

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Equity interests

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Common shares

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Restricted shares

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Flow-through shares

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Preferred shares

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Investment fund securities

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Mutual funds

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Segregated funds

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Exchange-traded funds (ETFs)

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Index ETFs

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Inverse ETFs

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Leveraged ETFs

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Leveraged inverse ETFs (a combination of the previous two ETF categories)

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Labour-sponsored investment funds or venture capital funds

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Hedge funds

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Limited partnerships

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Limited partnerships

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Income trusts

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Income trusts

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Derivatives

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Options

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Futures and forward contracts

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Other financial instruments

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Warrants

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Rights